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Colosseum

Location: Piazza del Colosseo, Roma center
How to reach the Colosseum: take the Underground and get off at the "Colosseum" station
Date of construction: from 72 to 80 A.D.
Emperor: Vespasiano
Kind of building: Amphitheater
Main utilization: Gladiator fight


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The Colosseum is probably the most known building left by the Roman Emperor in all his existence. Colosseum is also famous as the World's biggest Roman amphitheater and it is situated in the center of Rome.
The Colosseum was constructed between 72 and 80 A.D. It was used during the years for many purposes. In the very beginning they used the Colosseum for some standard performances. One of them was the gladiator fight, but after, in the years, it has been used also like gravel pit.

The amphitheater is an ellipse with a diameter of 527m, it can accommodate 50,000 guests, and its axis have a measure of 156.5 and 187.5m. The Colosseum is famous as one of the "Seven wonders of the world" and it has also been added on the list of the world heritage sites by UNESCU in 1980.

Construction

The Colosseum has been built by the Vespasiano emperor. The construction began in the 72 A.D. It was financed, like other buildings of the same period, using the "Jerusalem Conquest" war chest of the 70 A.D.
The Colosseum was symbolically built where before there was an "Tyrant Nerone" building: an artificial lake used by Nerone like his own Domus Area. This lake has reclaimed for allow the begin of the work for the construction of the Colosseum.

After its construction end, in the years, the follow emperors modify the building, adding cellars, seat, decoration, etc.

During its life, the Colosseum has been object of many damage and restorations, in particular after some natural event like lightning and earthquake. Recently, because of some damage, they built some support for the extremity still present on the face.

The Colosseum ground was made of wood covered by sand. The sand need to be cleaned often because of the animal and gladiators blood.
Underground there were corridors where were located some hoists used for put on the stage machines or animals during the shows. For the Colosseum visitors, now you can watch a reproduction of the III or IV centuries.

There were many entrance for the main show characters, that have can get into the Colosseum from the two main entrance, and for the Colosseum staff, that have to use the underground corridors or the service entrance.

Games

The Colosseum activity had many games called also "Amphitheater Games". The most frequent were the executions of the condemned, animal fights and the gladiator fights.
At the inauguration of the arena, there were games for three months consecutive, to celebrate the Traiano triumph on the Daci. These games cause 2.000 gladiators and 9.000 animals dead.

The testimonies on the last gladiators fights are from 437 AD, but the animals fights went on until the kingdom of Teodorico il Grande in the 523 AD.

How to reach the Colosseum

The Colosseum is within easy reach using the Rome Underground, the closest station is "Colosseo", or using the buses.

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Links

Rome Rome city
Rome Colosseum
Rome Clubs in Rome
Rome Tourist attraction in Rome
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